Aug. 27, 1935. v A. c. HAMILTON 2,012,449
AIRCRAFT WHEEL Original Filed June 5, 19:51 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 TTORN EY- A-IRCRAFT WHEEL Original Filed June 5, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.2
INVENTOR- fl/ezzgl er 6. l/amI/fon ITORNEY- Patented Aug. 27, 1935 v r UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,012,449 AIRCRAFT WHEEL Alexander C: Hamilton, Pleasant Ridge, Mich.,
assignor, by mesne assignments, to Hayes Industries, Inc., Jackson, Mich, a corporation of Michigan Original application June 5, 1931, Serial No. 542,305. Divided and this application May 2, 1933, Serial No. 668,930
2 filaims. (Cl. 301-5) This application in one of its aspects relates ing cones rest against downturned flanges I3, Hi, to wheels shown, by way of example, as applied integral with the cylindrical members 9 and in. to aircraft, but it may be applied to various The wheel is adapted to be mounted on an axle l5 other types of vehicles. preferably of cone shape, as shown. On the One object of the invention is to produce a larger end of the cone axle is mounted the inner wheel having spaced slanting sides with rigid bearin e e 56 and 0n the Smaller end of cross vanes, thereby producing a supporting arch the cone is mounted the inner bearin member of great strength compared to the weight of the H. A series of rollers l8, 9, which ay be wheel. either spherical, cylindrical or conical, are placed Another object of the invention is to combine in the raceway between the bearing members 10 reversely inclined roller bearings beneath the Suitably held in spaced relation by cages 2D and sloping sides of the wheel to take the dir t M of standard construction. The bearing memthrust through these sides. bers I6 and H have thrust flanges 22, 23, to take Another object of the invention is to so conthe thrust of the rollers. struct the braking apparatus associated with the T e inner raceway H5 is adapted to abut against wheel and the cover therefor, that there will sleeve 2 1 on the axle l5 which abuts against the be ample cooling of the brake bend and fri tio flange member 25 fastened to the supporting gear lihing- (not shown) of the aircraft.
Another object of the invention is to provide The inner bearing member H is held in 9 side farings for the wheel to produce a stream line tion y nut Eli threaded 0n the reduced end of effect and decrease the resistance to movement the Shaft A Washer is Preferably Placed through the air, in other words, to decrease the between this nut and the bearing member dage. The nut may be of the castellated type held in Another object of the invention is to provide adjusted Position y means of the usual Split y arrangements for protecting the bearing from 28 a d through a hole in 1Ihe Shaftdust and other particles. To prevent dust from entering the bearing of O her Objects will appear in the following dethe wheel an inner disc 29 is placed between the scription, reference being had-to the drawings, Outer bearing member H a d t e flange A in which: dust pad 29' held in place by coil spring 30 is Fig. 1 is a sectional elevation through an irenclosed in a cap 3| fitting over ring 32. The end 30 plane wheel, the section being taken on the line of the p 3| may be bent inwards to hold the ll of Fig. 2. ring 32 in position so that the dust pad and its Fig. 2 is an elevation of the wheel viewed from associated parts y be removed as from the left of Fig. 1, with the faring shaft and which the p and ne y be m v by 35 bearings removed. pulling inwardly after the assembly removed The foregoing improvements and th 111 from the wheel. The assembly fits inside of the ew be described in complete detail, extension 9 and over the sleeve 2%. An internal Referring to the drawings, in Fig, 1 th wheel dust sleeve 32 fits inside the flanges l3 and M in is preferably cast of some light material such such a W y that it maybe removed to h left in as aluminum alloy so as to have tw Sides or Fig. 1 when the wheel 15 removed from the axle discs l, 2, sloping from the axis towards the rim 3. a d the bear a dust p assembly 15 e These sides are not joined at the center by the E c Of t be members wollld e filled w usual hub member. The bracing or arch effect Oil grease and would he l'etfllhed In Place y is produced by a plurality of webs 4 cast intethe dust caps and disc which also act as lubricant grally with the sides. These webs may also exeohtalhelstend beyond the sides at 5 and B to directly 7 T e O t r bearing l p ee from dust and support the edges or discs I and B of the rim on oreign material by inner (115C 33 clamped bewhich the tire, not shown, is positioned. Iprefer tween the bearing member l2 and the thrust to arrange these extension vanes 5 and 6 in diflange Enclosure 0f the beefing member 18 rect alignment with the internal veins 4 but provided by du t n 34 whichsurrounds the hut they may be staggered in relation to the internal 26 and abuts against the bearing member l2 inveins with like results. Small bearing sections side the extension Ill.
9, l0, are cast integrally with the sides I and 2 The outer disc 2 of the wheel is enclosed by to present cylindrical cavities or housing in which faring 35 to produce a streamline effect and reouter bearing cones II and I2 fit. These bearduce the windage. This farmg flts inside the outer edge of rim and is held in place by screws 36 which clamp the faring against a U-shaped bracket 37. This bracket may have a notch in each of its ends so as to straddle two diametrically opposed vanes 6. Screws 36 have a reduced portion between the threads and the head 88 so that they may be forced through the conical seat 39 in the faring and a similar conical seat (id in the supporting bracket 37. The hole in these conical seats is made sumciently small to prevent the threaded portion 36 from dropping out when I the faring and supporting bracket are removed from the wheel but yet permit of the threaded portion being forced therethrough by a screw driver. If desired, this hole may be slightly threaded to facilitate the screw being entered.
The faring is stamped with a depression li with an appropriate hole therethrough to receive the end of air nipple 32 fastened to the rim 3 and connecting with the inner tube of the tire, not shown. By means ofthis nipple the tire may be inflated without removing the faring.
The rim portion i has a friction brake surface 53 fastened to it by rivets 563 or other appropriate fastening devices. v Arranged inside of this por-- tion or the wheel is an anchor plate 55 fastened to the flange 25 by means of appropriate bolts at extending through the holes M. These bolts may have the usual castellated nuts and split keys or thep'arts may be held in position by riveting and spot welding if desired. The braking apparatus itself is not shown herein, being illus-= trated and claimed in my copending application Serial No. 542,305 flied June 5, 1931, of which this is a division. The braking apparatus is enclosed by faring 47' shaped as shown and clped aoraaae between the torque plate 6% and the flange 25. This faring is spaced from the rim of the wheel at (it to permit air to flow around the braking parts to cool the braking surface.
During the setting action of the brake (not shown) while the aircraft is landing air is forced through the opening 68 between the faring ll and the wheel rim and passes around the brake parts to cool them. This is an important feature as the braking effort required to bring an airplane to a standstill is such as to otherwise intensively heat the braking parts.
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
1. In a vehicle wheel, a rim having a drop center, side discs integrally joined to the bottom of the drop center portion and diverging toward the center of the wheel, and a plurality of circumferentially spaced webs extending across between the discs, said webs being integrally joined to the said discs and to the bottom of said drop center portion.
2. In a vehicle wheel, a rim having a drop center bottom and side discs, said side discs being integrally joined to the bottom and diverging outwardly away from the center of the wheel, side discs integrally joined to said bottom and diverging outwardly toward the center of the wheel, a plurality of circumferentially spaced webs extending across between the second mentioned discs, and integrally Joined thereto and to the said bottom,. bearing housings integrally joined to the second mentioned discs at the central part of the wheel, and a plurality of spaced strengthening vanes extending radially and integrally Joining said housings and said discs.
ALEXANDER C. HAMILTON.